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Saint John, New Brunswick (City)

Canada is a country in the northern half of North America. Saint John is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick and the oldest incorporated city in Canada. In May 2006 the city had a population of 69,961 and its CMA, Census Metropolitan Area population was 126,000. It is situated along the north shore of the Bay of Fundy at the mouth of the Saint John River. Its area is 3,359.61 square kilometers with density of 220.2 per square kilometers. The population till May 2006 was 69,661.

Predated by the Maritime Archaic Indian civilization, the area of the northwestern coastal regions of the Bay of Fundy is believed to have been inhabited by the Passamaquoddy Nation several thousand years ago, while the Saint John River valley north of the bay became the domain of the Maliseet Nation. The mouth of the Saint John River was first discovered by Europeans in 1604 during a reconnaissance of the Bay of Fundy undertaken by French cartographer Samuel de Champlain. The day upon which Champlain sighted the mighty river was Saint John. Situated in the south-central portion of the province, along the north shore of the Bay of Fundy at the mouth of the Saint John River, the city is split by the south-flowing river and the east side is bordered on the north by the Kennebecasis River where it meets the Saint John River at Grand Bay.
The Saint John River itself flows into the Bay of Fundy through a narrow gorge several hundred feet wide at the centre of the city. It hosts a unique phenomenon called the Reversing Falls Rapids where the diurnal tides of the bay reverse the water flow of the river for several kilometres. A series of underwater ledges at the narrowest point of this gorge also create a series of rapids. Air service into Saint John is provided by the Saint John Airport, located near Loch Lomond approximately fifteen kilometres east of the city centre. The main highway in the city is the Saint John Throughway. Route 1 extends west to Saint Stephen, and northeast towards Moncton. A second major highway, Route 7, connects Saint John with Fredericton.
A city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, cooperative people and luxurious hotels and cottages, Saint John is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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